Welding is a process of joining two pieces of metal through a metallic bond. The process is not so difficult but can be dangerous for the person undertaking the activity and other people in his surroundings. Thus, it is essential for everyone involved in the welding process to be aware of the welding hazards and follow safety precautions to protect themselves from any mishaps.
You should also ask your teammates to follow the safety precautions as even a small mistake from anyone working in the space can create a serious issue. You can follow the eleven welding safety tips mentioned in this article and ensure that you implement them in your workplace for everyone’s safety.
1. Wear proper attire
While welding, you will be surrounded by flames, fires, and gases. Thus, you have to wear proper attire that is designed to protect you from the flames or reactive gases. It means you shouldn’t include any short clothes in your welding space. Instead, you have to choose a proper safety gear that contains a helmet, gloves, and clothes. Make sure to get flame-resistant clothing or a welding jacket. You can have the lightweight flame-resistant clothing if you field unwieldy in heavy clothes.
You will also get the flame-resistant gloves manufactured for various sizes and designed for specific welding processes. Remember that your gloves won’t be sufficient to uplift the welded material. Hence, you have to use pliers to avoid burns and provide an efficient grip to hold the material.
2. Cover your skin
Even small skin exposure creates a vulnerable situation during the welding process. Your skin becomes susceptible to the damaging effects of infrared and ultraviolet rays. Moreover, the sparks occurring during welding can catch open pockets, collar and handcuffs, or pant cuffs. Hence, you have to cover your skin and clothes from top to bottom with personal protective equipment (PPE). This equipment avoids smoldering of your clothes and protects your skin from small sparks. Also, make sure you don’t keep matches or butane lighters in your pocket as a part of safety precaution.
3. Avoid looking at the light
If you accidentally look at the welding arc’s rays, your eyes will suffer from a painful condition that may last for hours after the exposure. Hence, you should cover your eyes and avoid looking at the arc flash with naked eyes. You should use welding helmets along with a filter shade to protect your face and eyes while welding.
You should wear approved safety glasses with side shields under the helmet. Moreover, you can choose a lens shade suitable for your welding application. Installing screens or barriers at appropriate locations will protect other people in the vicinity from the arc.
4. Make space for ventilation
Ventilation is essential while welding as the area fills with toxic gases and fumes. If they start accumulating in a closed environment, the area will become full of toxic gases. Hence, you should make enough space for ventilation with exhaust hoods, or check if the machine requires a respirator. Implementing multiple ventilation strategies will make your welding space breathable rather than suffocating and toxic.
5. Never keep flammable materials in your workspace
The welding process spreads continuous flames, sparks, and gases in the surrounding. If you place any flammable material in this space, it can create a dangerous situation. Hence, avoid keeping any such materials as the heat, molten metal splatters produced during welding, and sparks can set them on fire.
6. Get appropriate training
Having the appropriate knowledge about welding and its processes is essential for your safety. The manuals or books can provide you enough theoretical knowledge, but you should also have practical knowledge from a professional and genuine source to avoid any complications and hazards.
7. Work according to your ergonomics
In the welding process, you should be aware of your ergonomics and work accordingly. You should practice safe lifting techniques and ensure good housekeeping for efficiency in your work. Also, remember to take breaks and relax your muscles so that they don’t become stressed while you work for long hours. Avoid creating much clutter in the welding area and keep it as clean as possible to attain a productive and safe working environment.
8. Use earmuffs
The continuous sound of welding can harm your eardrum and other sensitive parts of the inner ear. It becomes dangerous when you are exposed to this sound for a long duration. Additionally, the metal sparks and airborne particles generated during the welding process can enter your ear canal, which could damage your hearing sensation. Hence, make sure you use the earmuffs or earplugs for the utmost protection of your ears.
9. Avoid excess current on the material
Always maintain the current and arc level while welding on the materials because excess current and long arc increases undercut probability. It is caused by various mistakes such as incorrect travel speed, incorrect electrode positioning, and incorrect welding technique. Hence, you have to stay calm and take small breaks in the process to avoid such errors and attain a smooth work process.
10. Create proper welding set up
Knowing the right welding position and creating relevant setup will help you work efficiently on the welding process. The setup also helps to place useful equipment near your working space. You can use adjustable tables and other devices that help you move the workplace or other equipment from one place to another. Apart from the setup, you should use good quality material to avoid creating any risky situation. Consider using electrodes that generate fewer fumes and check WeldingMania recommendation on Flux core wire.
Read manufacturer’s instructions before using the machines
Never fail to read the manuals or other instructions provided by manufacturers for the welding equipment. Whether it the welding gun or any other equipment on metal, ensure to read every instruction in detail. Most of the time, there are chances of electric shocks, explosions, or fire while welding. But you will be safe if you are aware of the proper usage of equipment.
If you are trying your hands on welding, make sure you follow all the welding safety tips for everyone’s safety